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The exact content and requirements of a land survey may vary based on the location, purpose, and local regulations governing land surveys. A land survey typically includes a variety of measurements, assessments, and analysis performed by a professional land surveyor. The surveyor will then provide you with a written description of the property’s boundaries and any encroachments or easements. 

A few types of land surveys are: 

Boundary determination: In a boundary determination the surveyor establishes the precise boundaries of the property by measuring and marking the property lines. This may involve using existing markers, reference points, or physical measurements on the ground.

Plat map: A plat map is a drawing that shows the surveyed property, its boundaries, and any relevant features such as buildings, roads, and water bodies. The map may also include adjacent properties and relevant survey monuments.

Topographic survey: This survey measures and maps the natural and man-made features of the land, including elevations, contours, trees, buildings, fences, utilities, and other physical features. It provides a detailed representation of the surface of the property.

Elevation survey: This type of survey focuses on determining the precise elevations of points on the land. It is often used for floodplain analysis, construction projects, or to establish grading and drainage plans.

Subdivision survey: When dividing a larger tract of land into smaller parcels, a surveyor may be involved in creating subdivision plans, determining lot boundaries, and ensuring compliance with local zoning and subdivision regulations.

Land title survey: This survey is often required by title insurance companies and lenders before a property sale or transfer. It verifies the property’s boundaries, identifies any encroachments or easements, and assesses potential title issues.